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United Kingdom Population


The population of the UK in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 59,251,000, which placed it as number 21 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 16% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 19% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 95 males for every 100 females in the country in 2003. According to the UN, the annual population growth rate for 2000-2005 is 0.31%, with the projected population for the year 2015 at 61,275,000. The overall estimated population density in 2002 was 246 per sq km (637 per sq mi), but in England there were 371 persons per sq km (961 per sq mi), with 4,233 persons per sq km (10,968 per sq mi) in Greater London.

It was estimated by the Population Reference Bureau that 90% of the population lived in urban areas in 2001. The capital city, London, had a population of 7,639,000 in that year. Other major metropolitan areas in England were Birmingham, 2,271,000; Manchester, 2,252,000; Leeds, 1,433,000; and Liverpool, 912,000. Other large English towns include Sheffield, 503,000; Bradford, 451,000; Bristol, 372,000; and Coventry, 295,000. The major cities in Scotland are Glasgow (654,000) and Edinburgh (422,000). Belfast, the major city in Northern Ireland, had a population of 287,500; and Cardiff, in Wales, 277,000. According to the United Nations, the urban population growth rate for 2000-2005 was 0.2%.

The present day population of the UK is descended from varied ethnic stocks though mainly: pre-Celtic, Celtic, Roman, Anglo-Saxon and the Normans. Since 1945, international ties forged by the British Empire have contributed to substantial immigration, especially from Africa, Caribbean and South Asia. Since EU citizens are free to live and work in other EU member states, the accession of new to the EU of new member states from Central and Eastern Europe in 2004 has resulted in rising immigration from these countries. As of 2001, 7.9% of the UK population identified themselves as an ethnic minority. As of 2007, 22% of primary school children and 17.7% of children at secondary school in England were from ethnic minority families.


60,776,238 (July 2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 17.2% (male 5,349,053/female 5,095,837)
15-64 years: 67% (male 20,605,031/female 20,104,313)
65 years and over: 15.8% (male 4,123,464/female 5,498,540) (2007 est.)
Median age:
total: 39.6 years
male: 38.5 years
female: 40.7 years (2007 est.)
Population growth rate:
0.275% (2007 est.)
Birth rate:
10.67 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death rate:
10.09 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Net migration rate:
2.17 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.025 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population:
0.98 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
total: 5.01 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.58 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

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